Jump to content

Ranks and Insignia

A list of all Army enlisted ranks and their respected description and requirements.

Recruit



PVT, E-1

Description
Rank given to new recruits prior to completing the Basic Combat Training series. Primary roles are to complete the Basic Combat Training series as quickly as possible and to carry out orders issued to the best of his ability.
Prerequisites
1. Accepted Enlistment Application
2. Successful MEPS interview
Private



PV2, E-2

Description
Rank given to graduates of the Basic Combat Training series. Primary roles are to complete additional trainings to enhance their combat effectiveness and to carry out orders issued to the best of his ability.
Prerequisites
1. Graduate from Basic Combat Training
Private First Class



PFC, E-3

Description
Privates (PV2s) are promoted to this level at the request of their supervisor. Carries out orders issued to the best of his ability.
Prerequisites
1. Minimum 2 weeks Time in Grade (4 weeks recommended)
2. Graduate from either Airborne School, Air Assault School, or Advanced Individual Training
Specialist



SPC, E-4

Description
Soldiers who are experienced infantrymen in their MOS of choice.
Prerequisites
1. Minimum 3 weeks Time in Grade (5 weeks recommended)
2. Graduate from Advanced Individual Training
3. Graduate from either Airborne School or Air Assault School
Specialist Second Class



SP2, E-4

Description
Soldiers who have chosen voluntarily to pursue a non-leadership progression.
These soldiers have opted instead to become an exceedingly proficient specialist in the MOS of his choice.
Prerequisites
1. 10-14 weeks Time in Grade (20-28 for Reserves)
2. Graduate from Airborne School
3. Graduate from Air Assault School
4. At least 1 Staff Position
5. Company Command Approval
Specialist First Class



SP1, E-4

Description
Soldiers who excel in non-leadership roles, but who have earned the recognition equal to a level of leadership.
These soldiers have opted to continue along a path of combat specialization without the added demands consistent with a formal leadership role.
Prerequisites
1. 16-24 weeks Time in Grade (32-48 for Reserves)
2. No disciplinary actions greater than a 1-week time in grade suspension on record
3. Graduate from Warrior Leader Course
4. Graduate from Ranger School
5. At least 1 Staff Position
6. Company Command Approval
Corporal



CPL, E-4

Description
The base of the Non-Commissioned Officer (NCO) ranks, Corporals serve as junior fireteam leaders of the smallest Army units.
Like Sergeants, they are responsible for individual training, personal appearance and cleanliness of Soldiers.
Prerequisites
1. Minimum 4 weeks Time in Grade (6 weeks recommended)
2. Graduate from Advanced Individual Training
3. Graduate from Airborne School
4. Graduate from Air Assault School
5. At least 1 Staff Position
6. At least 1 month Time-in-Service in a staff position
Sergeant



SGT, E-5

Description
Typically serves as either an experienced fireteam leader or commands a squad (up to 11 Soldiers) as a junior squad leader.
Considered to have the greatest impact on Soldiers because SGTs oversee them in their daily tasks. In short, SGTs set an example and the standard for Privates to look up to, and live up to.
Prerequisites
1. Minimum 5 weeks Time in Grade at Rank of E-4 Corporal (8 weeks recommended)
2. Graduate from Warrior Leader Course
3. At least 1 Staff Position
Staff Sergeant



SSG, E-6

Description
Commands a squad (up to 11 Soldiers) as an experienced squad leader.
Often has one or more Sergeants under their leadership. Responsible for developing, maintaining and utilizing the full range of his Soldiers' potential.
Prerequisites
1. Minimum 7 weeks Time in Grade (10 weeks recommended)
2. Graduate from Advanced Leader Course
3. At least 1 Staff Position
Sergeant First Class



SFC, E-7

Description
Key assistant and advisor to the platoon leader. Generally responsible for the day-to-day management of the platoon.
Extensive combat experience is leveraged to make quick, accurate decisions in the best interests of the Soldiers and the unit as a whole.
Prerequisites
1. Billet
Master Sergeant



MSG, E-8

Description
Principal NCO at the battalion level, and often higher. Not charged with all the leadership responsibilities of a First Sergeant, but expected to dispatch leadership and other duties with the same professionalism.
Prerequisites
1. Billet
First Sergeant



1SG, E-8

Description
Principal NCO and life-blood of the company: the provider, disciplinarian and wise counselor.
Instructs other Sergeants, advises the Commander and helps train all enlisted Soldiers. Also assists officers at the company level.
Prerequisites
1. Billet
Sergeant Major



SGM, E-9

Description
SGMs experience and abilities are equal to that of the CSM, but the sphere of influence regarding leadership is generally limited to those directly under his charge. Assists Officers at the battalion level.
Prerequisites
1. Billet
Command Sergeant Major



CSM, E-9

Description
Functioning without supervision, a CSM’s counsel is expected to be calm, settled and accurate -- with unflagging enthusiasm. Supplies recommendations to the commander and staff, and carries out policies and standards on the performance, training, appearance and conduct of enlisted personnel. Assists Officers at the brigade level
Prerequisites
1. Billet
Warrant Officer Candidate



WOC, W-0

Description
Entry-level for becoming WO1, WOC's will operate as a Crewman and will be trained throughout 8 weeks as a crewman to become WO1.
Prerequisites
1. Private First Class or Above
2. Accepted Aviation Application
Warrant Officer 1



WO1, W-1

Description
Appointed to WO1 upon completion of Warrant Officer Candidate School by the Detachment Commander of the 12th CAB, Warrant Officer 1's are Junior level WO's who perform the primary duties of an operator, manager, maintainer, and adviser.
Prerequisites
1. Graduate from Warrant Officer Candidate School
Chief Warrant Officer 2



CW2, W-2

Description
Chief Warrant Officers become commissioned officers as provided by the Detachment Commanders. CW2s are intermediate level technical and tactical experts who perform increased duties and responsibilities at the detachment such as schedule training and WarnOrds.
Prerequisites
1. Billet
Chief Warrant Officer 3



CW3, W-3

Description
Advanced-level experts who perform the primary duties that of a technical and tactical leader. They provide direction, guidance, assistance, and supervision necessary for subordinates to perform their duties. CW3s primarily support operations levels from team or detachment.
Prerequisites
1. Billet
Chief Warrant Officer 4



CW4, W-4

Description
Senior-level experts in their chosen field. They primarily supports the Detachment Commander. CW4s typically have special mentorship responsibilities for other WOs and provide essential advice to commanders on WO issues.
Prerequisites
1. Billet
Chief Warrant Officer 5



CW5, W-5

Description
Master-level technical and tactical experts that support brigade, division, corps, and major command operations. They provide leader development, mentorship, advice, and counsel to WOs and branch officers. CW5s have special WO leadership and representation responsibilities within their respective commands.
Prerequisites
1. Billet
Second Lieutenant



2LT, O-1

Description
Typically the entry-level rank for most Commissioned Officers. Leads platoon-size elements consisting of a platoon Sergeant and three or more squads (up to 48 soldiers).
Prerequisites
1. Billet
First Lieutenant



1LT, O-2

Description
A seasoned lieutenant with extensive combat and administrative experience, yielding more diverse and specialized combat skills than Second Lieutenants.
First Lieutenants are often selected to be the Executive Officer of a company-sized unit.
Prerequisites
1. Billet
Captain



CPT, O-3

Description
Commands and controls company-sized units, together with a principal NCO assistant. Instructs skills at service schools and is often a Staff Officer at the battalion level.
Prerequisites
1. Billet
Major



MAJ, O-4

Description
Serves as primary Staff Officer for brigade and task force command regarding personnel, logistical and operational missions.
Prerequisites
1. Billet
Lieutenant Colonel



LTC, O-5

Description
Typically commands battalion-sized units (300 to 1,000 Soldiers), with a CSM as principal NCO assistant. May also be selected for brigade and task force Executive Officer.
Prerequisites
1. Billet